CORRECTION-Seeds of Learning still active foundation

first_imgFor more information or to make a donation, please contact Tracy Hoffman at 250-785-4429. CORRECTION- Visions of Change not only fundraises to help send students to lend support in foreign countries, it also makes charitable donations of money, supplies and services to those countries.Despite recent confusion, North Peace Secondary School is involved with two non-profit organizations.Along with Visions of Change, students at the school are also involved in the Seeds of Learning Organization. Unlike Visions of change, who raise money to help send students to lend support in foreign countries, Seeds of Learning is dedicated to raising funds strictly for donation purposes.- Advertisement -The foundation helps raise money for education assistance. Specifically, Seeds of Learning helps to provide scholarships and education opportunities for people in Central America.According to Seeds of Learning participant Tracy Hoffman, some people have come to believe that Seeds of Learning has become Visions of Change or are not longer an active foundation. She says this is not the case and that both still do exist in Fort St. John.This article is not intended to give priority to either foundation. Hoffman wants people to know that Seeds of Learning are still working to raise funds and are currently working on upcoming fundraisers to help raise money for this great cause.Advertisementlast_img read more

Gas prices up 11 cents in two weeks

first_imgIn California, regular grade gasoline dropped 2 cents to $3.41. Los Angeles had the state’s cheapest gas at $3.40 while San Francisco’s was most expensive at $3.49. 160Want local news?Sign up for the Localist and stay informed Something went wrong. Please try again.subscribeCongratulations! You’re all set! CAMARILLO – The average price of self-serve regular gasoline hit a record high of $3.18, rising more than 11 cents over the past two weeks, according to a nationwide survey released Sunday. The previous record adjusted for inflation was $3.15 per gallon in March 1981. A gallon of mid-grade gasoline averaged $3.29, and premium cost $3.40, according to the latest Lundberg Survey of 7,000 gas stations across the country. Nationwide, the lowest price for regular fuel was $2.87 in Charleston, S.C., and the highest was in Chicago at $3.59 a gallon. last_img read more

Leader of anti-gang programs selected

first_imgBy The Associated Press SACRAMENTO – Gov. Arnold Schwarzenegger on Tuesday appointed a former U.S. attorney to lead the state’s anti-gang programs, a new position he created in response to rising gang violence in California. Schwarzenegger named Paul Seave to the post and appointed 10 others to an advisory panel to develop long-term plans to deal with gangs. “We need to have an effort that we coordinate, that we are all on the same page, and that we have a collaboration there,” Schwarzenegger said at a news conference in Fresno. Seave, the U.S. Attorney in Sacramento from 1997 to 2001, said more than 10,000 Californians have been killed in gang-related homicides in the past 20 years. Schwarzenegger on Tuesday also announced that $2.8 million in discretionary funding would be available for local governments to expand job training for kids involved in gangs or at risk of becoming involved in them. The state budget passed last month and signed by Schwarzenegger allocated another $547 million for after-school programs and $208million to pay for school counselors, which he said will also help steer children away from gangs. Schwarzenegger created the Office of Gang and Youth Violence Policy in May. Among the members of the advisory group are: Los Angeles Unified School District Superintendent David Brewer; Connie Rice, CEO of the Advancement Project in Los Angeles; Jack Calhoun, president of Hope Matters; and San Bernardino High School principal Sandra Rodriguez. 160Want local news?Sign up for the Localist and stay informed Something went wrong. Please try again.subscribeCongratulations! You’re all set!last_img read more

DD LOCAL: JIMMY DUFFY’S ANNAGRY COMMUNITY NEWS

first_imgBY Jimmy Duffy: COMMUNITY HALLAnother round of activities got under way in Annagry Hall. Crochet classes started in Annagry Hall on Wednesday last, but names are still being taking for this course. Pilates is back again from Monday morning January 12th and Set Dancing resumes that evening at 8pm, Guitar lessons continue on Wednesday evenings from 4.30pm. To get further information or to book a place on any of our activities contact 087 1935066, 074 9562591 or email annagryhall@gmail.com. TABLE QUIZA Table Quiz in aid of Annagry Boxing Club will be held in Caisleain Óir Annagry on Wednesday January 14th starting at 10 pm. Teams of four, €20 per table.SCHOOL OF DANCING Classes resume on Monday 12th, Wednesday 14th and Thursday 15th January in Teach Jack Glassagh and Tuesday 13th in The Naomh Mhuire GAA Clubhouse. Ballet, Modern, Tap Dance, HipHop and Dancercise Fitness. 3 years – Adults. New students are welcome. Information contact Deirdre 087 2632486.NIGHT AT THE RACESMany race goers attended the Annual Night at the races held by the Naomh Muire GAA Club in Sharkey’s Lounge Annagry recently. Lucky punters on the night were Robbie O’Donnell (Senior) Annagry East,Cathleen McGinley Calhame, Eugene Doherty Meenbanad, James McDevitt Annagry West, Mary Hugo Ward Belcruit, Mally Boyle Loughanure, Neil McBride Loughanure, Liam Duffy Annagry East, Tomás Duffy Meenacreave, A.G.B Culacrick, Patricia Rodgers Bunaman, Paula Gallagher Ranafast, Alec McDyer Kerrytown, Geraldine McBride and Bronagh McGinley Scoil Naomh Dubhthach Anagaire, Dan and Ashling c/o Daniel Gallagher Railway Road Loughanure, Martin Moore Loughanure, Peadar Ó Dubhtaigh Rann na Feirste, Lee Boyle Mullaghderg, Leanne Boyle Glen Road Annagry, Shane Doherty Calhame and Luke Neely Dungloe. Race sponsors were Josie Joe Boyle Larsen Cabs, Patrick McGinley, Tony Doherty, Seamus Rodgers, Paul McDevitt, Paul Gallagher, Owenie McGarvey, Paddy Forker, Gary Boyle and Údarás na Gaeltachta. Charlie and Ciaran Cannon listed the horses competing. The winner on the Auction Race was Robbie O’Donnell (Junior) Annagry East. The club wish to extend thanks to the management and staff of Sharkey’s Bar, the buyers and sellers of horses, all who placed bets on the night, sponsors and Charlie and Ciaran Cannon. The net profit on the night was €4,300. Míle buiochas do achan dhuine a chuidigh, agus Blian Úr faoi mhaise on fhochumann do ar muintir sa bhaile agus as shiubal as baile.100+ DRAWThe following people who won in the 100+ November Draw co-ordinated by Naomh Muire CLG were €500 Patrick McGinley jnr, Meenacreave. €200 Seamus Grant Anagaire. €100 each Marie McGarvey Loch an Iúir, Tony M Sharkey Bún na mBeann, John A O’Donnell Anagaire. €50 each Roseleen McGarvey Cnoc a’ Stolaire, Harry Harden Mín Doire na Slúa, Anne Marie Sweeney Loch an Iúir, John Rúa Croithslí, Lorraine Boyle Beal na Cruite, Aidan Hughes Mullachdubh, Therese Doherty Min Bannáid, Anne Boyle(Gillespie) Mullachdubh. Happy New Year to all our patrons and sellers, your contributions to our club are greatly appreciated.LOWER ROSSES MAYORFirst to declare his canditure in the forthcoming Mayoral Election sponsored by the Naomh Muire GAA Club is John Noel Sharkey Annagry West. We wish John Noel and the candidates yet to confirm entering the election the best of luck. LOTTOThere was no winner of the €2 jackpot in the Naomh Muire Club Lotto for December 26th . The numbers drawn were. matched 3 numbers. The jackpot on December 31st is €2. If you’re not in, you can’t win!CONTACTSFor inclusion in Annagry Community Notes send your message to annagryhall@gmail.com before 6 o’clock on Sunday evenings. DD LOCAL: JIMMY DUFFY’S ANNAGRY COMMUNITY NEWS was last modified: January 6th, 2015 by John2Share this:Click to share on Facebook (Opens in new window)Click to share on Twitter (Opens in new window)Click to share on LinkedIn (Opens in new window)Click to share on Reddit (Opens in new window)Click to share on Pocket (Opens in new window)Click to share on Telegram (Opens in new window)Click to share on WhatsApp (Opens in new window)Click to share on Skype (Opens in new window)Click to print (Opens in new window)Tags:Annagry newsJimmy Duffylast_img read more

DONEGAL MOUNTAIN RESCUE TEAM LEAVE CONFERENCE TO ANSWER SLIGO CALL

first_imgMembers of the Donegal Mountain Rescue team attending a conference were rushed to the scene of an emergency yesterday.Four of the DMRT members were among a rescue group who attended a call-out after two students fell on Ben Bulben in Sligo.The members left the conference in Enniskillen and joined other rescue tams to the area. The injured party were taken off the mountain with the assistance of the Rescue 118 helicopter in Sligo.One person was hospitalised but their injuries are not understood to be serious. DONEGAL MOUNTAIN RESCUE TEAM LEAVE CONFERENCE TO ANSWER SLIGO CALL was last modified: February 22nd, 2015 by StephenShare this:Click to share on Facebook (Opens in new window)Click to share on Twitter (Opens in new window)Click to share on LinkedIn (Opens in new window)Click to share on Reddit (Opens in new window)Click to share on Pocket (Opens in new window)Click to share on Telegram (Opens in new window)Click to share on WhatsApp (Opens in new window)Click to share on Skype (Opens in new window)Click to print (Opens in new window)last_img read more

South African football in 2012

first_img21 December 2012As they did in 2011, the South African national women’s football team Banyana Banyana stole the limelight from their male counterparts in 2012. Their year was highlighted by a first ever appearance in the Olympic Games.One of only two African representatives in the elite 12-team field, South Africa was also in the toughest group, which included World Cup holders Japan, world number four Sweden and world number seven Canada.While Banyana Banyana failed to win any of their games, they showed improvement through the course of the competition. They fell 4-1 to Sweden in their first game, but the goal scored from 45 metres out by Portia Modise was a pearler, possibly the goal of the Games.In their second match, Canada, who would go on to win the bronze medal after losing to the USA in the semi-finals in extra time, ran out 3-0 winners.Saving their best for last, Banyana held Japan to a goalless draw in their last outing. The World Cup champions went on to claim silver after going down to the USA in the final.Africa Women’s ChampionshipBuoyed by their Olympic experience, Banyana next set their sights on the Confederation of African Football’s African Women’s Championship.After a loss to hosts Equatorial Guinea in their opening match, South Africa defeated Senegal 1-0 and then romped to a 4-1 victory over the Democratic Republic of Congo to progress to the semi-finals.That set up a semi-final showdown with defending champions Nigeria, the dominant team on the continent since the advent of the African Women’s Championship, and a team that Banyana had never beaten. Earlier in the year, however, the teams had shared draws home and away, which gave them hope of breaking Nigeria’s hold over them.A goal from central defender Janine van Wyk secured Banyana the victory they sought and put the team through to the final of the tournament, where they would once again face Equatorial Guinea, who had won the tournament previously when they also hosted it in 2008.Once again, playing at home proved the charm for the Equatorial Guinea. They scored a goal late in the first half and went on to add three more as South Africa failed to rise to the occasion in the title-deciding contest.“Falling at the final hurdle is a major disappointment to all involved with Banyana Banyana, particularly after the fine effort put in to record our national team’s first ever win over Nigeria in the semi-finals last week,” commented coach Joseph Mkhonza after the match.SA Coach of the YearHis efforts were, however, recognised during the tournament when he was named the South African Coach of the Year at the South African Sports Awards.Prolific striker Portia Modise went on to be nominated for the African Women’s Footballer of the Year Award.It was a less satisfactory year for the national men’s team, Bafana Bafana. They began the year in 56th place, but dropped to 84th in November.Coach Pitso Mosimane was axed after a 1-1 draw against Ethiopia in June, opening the way for the most successful coach in the history of the Premier Soccer League (PSL) Gordon Igesund to be appointed in his place.Without being able to spend much time with his team, Igesund’s results have been mixed this far. But he has had to focus on putting together a squad for the Africa Cup of Nations in a short time. South Africa will host the event in January 2013.Igesund will, at least, have his players for a decent length camp before then and hopes are high that the advantage of playing at home will see an upsurge in the fortune of Bafana Bafana. Ahead of the tournament, the team dedicated Afcon 2013 to assistant coach Thomas Madidage, who passed away in a car accident on 19 October.‘Amajita’The national under-20 team, “Amajita”, provided cause for optimism with their performance in an eight-nation tournament held in Cape Town in June. The teams that took part in the event had won 11 under-20 World Cup titles between them.The team took eventual champions Brazil to a penalty shootout in the semi- finals. They went on to finish third after defeating Japan from the spot.In pool play, five-time World Cup winners and eventual runners-up Argentina beat South Africa 3-1. Amajita responded by downing 2009 World Cup winners Ghana 2-0 and then defeated Nigeria 1-0.Coach Solly Luvhengo told a press conference afterwards: “When you work so hard, you always deserve to get something from your hard work. You saw us celebrating on the pitch. But we were not celebrating third position, we were celebrating the results of hard work.”Domestic competitionsOrlando Pirates were crowned the Premier Soccer League champions for a second year in succession, holding off Moroka Swallows for the title by just two points.Swallows had been in danger of relegation the previous season, before Gordon Igesund took over. It was on the strength of his success with the club that he became the new Bafana Bafana coach in July.Swallows’ striker Siyabonga Nomvethe, at the age of 34, enjoyed one of the finest seasons of his career. He was named PSL Footballer of the Year, the Absa Player of the Season and the Players’ Player of the Season.He also won the Lesley Manyathela Golden Boot award after scoring 20 goals in the league, eight more than the next highest goal scorer.Swallows captured the MTN8, defeating SuperSport United 2-1 in the final, to lift the title for the first time since 1979. It made for a good start for coach Zeca Marques, who replaced Igesund.Nedbank CupSuperSport United ran out 2-0 winners over their Pretoria rivals, Mamelodi Sundowns, in the final of the Nedbank Cup. It was the first time that the two Pretoria clubs had met in a final.Bloemfontein Celtic’s fans are recognised as the best in South Africa and they were finally rewarded for their superb backing of the team when it captured the Telkom Knockout Cup for the first time in December.Celtic edged Mamelodi Sundowns 1-0 on a controversial goal by Joel Mogorosi, and it proved to be the final straw for Sundowns’ billionaire boss Patrice Motsepe, who showed coach Johan Neeskens the door. At the time Sundowns were second from bottom of the PSL standings.Finally, confirmation of South Africa’s successful hosting of the 2010 Fifa World Cup came in March when South African Football Association (Safa) vice-president Danny Jordaan was appointed a special advisor for the 2014 World Cup in Brazil, as well as to work with Alexy Sorokin, the head of the 2018 World Cup in Russia.Would you like to use this article in your publication or on your website? See: Using SAinfo materiallast_img read more

Mobile data ‘revolution’ in Sub-Saharan Africa

first_img SAinfo reporter See the full report here: Ericsson Mobility Report – Sub-Saharan Africa 10 June 2014 Voice-call traffic in Sub-Saharan Africa is expected to double and mobile internet usage to increase 20 times between 2013 and 2019 – twice the anticipated global expansion – Swedish company Ericsson says in its latest mobility report for the region. The rapid growth of 3G and 4G technology across the region follows the recent launch of under-$50 smartphones, Ericsson says in its June 2014 Sub-Saharan Africa Mobility report, released last week. The popularity of social media, content-rich apps and video content accessed from these cheaper smartphones has also contributed to the growth. Consumers in Kenya, South Africa and Nigeria are increasingly using video TV and media services from their smartphones, the report says. Sub-Saharan Africa’s mobile penetration of 70% is fast approaching the global rate of 92%, Ericsson says. The report predicts 3G technology will become the dominant technology across the region by 2017, outstripping 2G to become the region’s dominant form of mobile connection. The report predicts that 75% of mobile subscriptions will be internet inclusive (3G or 4G) by 2019. The company expects mobile subscriptions to increase from 551-million at the end of 2013 to more than 635-million subscriptions by the end of the year. Subscriptions will reach 930-million by the end of 2019, the company predicts.Data revolution Ericsson revealed the scale of the region’s ongoing data revolution with traffic growth doubling in the past year: phone users accessed 76 000 TB (terabyte) of data a month, double the 2013 figure of 37 500 TB a month. The figure is expected to double again in 2015, with mobile phone users projected to access 147 000 TB a month. Regional head of Ericsson Sub-Saharan Africa, Fredrik Jejdling says: “Sub-Saharan Africa is currently undergoing a mobile digital revolution with consumers, networks and even media companies waking up to the possibilities of 3G and 4G technology. “We have seen the trend emerging over a few years but in the past 12 months, the digital traffic has increased over 100%, forcing us to revise our existing predictions. “The rise of cheap smartphones will allow vast portions of the population – from middle classes in cities to small businesses in rural areas – access to mobile broadband. “M-commerce can offer endless opportunities for entrepreneurs and we’ve found that farmers are fans of mobile wallets, as well as teenagers wanting to watch music videos on their smartphone,” Jejdling says. Ericsson undertakes traffic measurements in more than 100 live networks across the world and makes predictions in collaboration with Ericsson ConsumerLab, combining its own data with population and macroeconomic trends. last_img read more

Children in slums most vulnerable to abuse: study

first_imgAt an advocacy on child rights earlier this week by Children’s Rights in Goa (CRG) and Arz, an organisation working for victims of trafficking, presented a study of four slums that identified children and adolescents residing in these areas as most vulnerable to sexual abuse.Advocate Sushma Mandrekar alias Chodankar, Chairperson, Goa State Commission for Protection of Child Rights (GSCPCR) on Friday said that the organisation has taken note of the study presented by director of Arz, Arun Pandey, and she will take appropriate action after consulting various stakeholders. She said that many of the issues will be addressed once their State Action Plan of was implemented in the near future.She said that GSCPCR was mandated to look into all children’s issues. “As per the Goa Children’s Act, we need to work with every department related to children, it cannot be only be Directorate of Women and Child Development.”Ms. Mandrekar further said,“My first task when I joined the Commission was activation of village child committees but most of them did not respond.”Mr. Pandey said that they conducted the study in the port taluk of Marmugao in south Goa. Through questionnaires, focus and group discussions, they researched sexual abuse of children in the age group 10 to 18 years and develop skills and suggestions to address it. They found that boys were sexually abused in jungles and houses when their parents were not there and girls were molested and eve teased.It also found that child marriage still existed among migrants who have settled in Goa for many years. In Baina girls are married as early as 12 years, Mangoor 14 to 17 years, Birla 14-15 years and Zarre 13 to 14 years.These children were not aware of the Protection of Children from Sexual Offences Act. They were only aware about penetrative sex and nothing else. Mr. Pandey identified some unsafe places such as in Baina, burial grounds, toilets, railway stations, Vasco bridge, and named certain bars and hotels. In Mangoor, the jungle, construction sites, toilets, and named a school, bars and hotels and a prayer place. In Birla, it was paan shops, a public hotel and some bars, hotels; for Zuari, public toilets, laundry, narrow lanes, and four slums areas.Arz said that suggestions from the children in these areas included police patrolling near bus stops, installing CCTV cameras, taking away license from bars, separate entry for toilets, government constructed toilets inside the house, proper street lights, setting up an outpost, a women’s helpline and sensitisation programmes with the police. Arz shared the suggestions with various authorities in Vasco, Verna, BDO, Chief Officer and Mormugao Municipality but no change was seen. He said that the State must play a pro-active role in safeguarding children by providing timely human resources and infrastructure.Father Maverick Fernandes, member of GSCPCR, said that from June a Child Help Desk was set up on Margao Railway Station by Childline in south Goa, where child and human trafficking used to take place.Children are most vulnerabe to drugs, he said. Because of the cost, the children even sniff whiteners. Authorities are aware of this but are helpless as the law is not stringent enough for children and are often misused. In north Goa beaches, children were found selling blowing objects late at night. Teenage pregnancies in schools are also on the rise.Snehal Salgaonkar from CRG said that they conducted a survey of children in Kharaswaddo and Calangute and found problems of corporal punishment, truancy, Balika Manch not functioning, inadequate toilets, no provision to throw sanitary pads, loud music and eve teasing.last_img read more

DARPA awards $40 million to restore memories

first_imgLast fall, Geoffrey Ling, a top biotechnology research official at the Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency (DARPA), challenged neuroscientists to do something extraordinary: Develop an implantable device that can restore memory loss in vets with traumatic brain injuries. Offering up to $40 million in short-term, high-stakes funding, Ling said, “Here’s the golden ring—who’s brave enough to step up and actually grab it?”Today, DARPA announced two academic teams that will spend the next 4 years attempting to meet that challenge as part of President Barack Obama’s roughly $110 million Brain Research through Advancing Innovative Neurotechnologies (BRAIN) Initiative. Researchers at the University of California, Los Angeles (UCLA), will receive up to $15 million to develop a memory-restoring prosthesis that focuses on the entorhinal cortex and hippocampus—brain regions key to memory formation. A second team at the University of Pennsylvania (UPenn) will receive up to $22.5 million to develop a device that can monitor and modulate many different brain regions involved in memory formation and storage.Sign up for our daily newsletterGet more great content like this delivered right to you!Country *AfghanistanAland IslandsAlbaniaAlgeriaAndorraAngolaAnguillaAntarcticaAntigua and BarbudaArgentinaArmeniaArubaAustraliaAustriaAzerbaijanBahamasBahrainBangladeshBarbadosBelarusBelgiumBelizeBeninBermudaBhutanBolivia, Plurinational State ofBonaire, Sint Eustatius and SabaBosnia and HerzegovinaBotswanaBouvet IslandBrazilBritish Indian Ocean TerritoryBrunei DarussalamBulgariaBurkina FasoBurundiCambodiaCameroonCanadaCape VerdeCayman IslandsCentral African RepublicChadChileChinaChristmas IslandCocos (Keeling) IslandsColombiaComorosCongoCongo, The Democratic Republic of theCook IslandsCosta RicaCote D’IvoireCroatiaCubaCuraçaoCyprusCzech RepublicDenmarkDjiboutiDominicaDominican RepublicEcuadorEgyptEl SalvadorEquatorial GuineaEritreaEstoniaEthiopiaFalkland Islands (Malvinas)Faroe IslandsFijiFinlandFranceFrench GuianaFrench PolynesiaFrench Southern TerritoriesGabonGambiaGeorgiaGermanyGhanaGibraltarGreeceGreenlandGrenadaGuadeloupeGuatemalaGuernseyGuineaGuinea-BissauGuyanaHaitiHeard Island and Mcdonald IslandsHoly See (Vatican City State)HondurasHong KongHungaryIcelandIndiaIndonesiaIran, Islamic Republic ofIraqIrelandIsle of ManIsraelItalyJamaicaJapanJerseyJordanKazakhstanKenyaKiribatiKorea, Democratic People’s Republic ofKorea, Republic ofKuwaitKyrgyzstanLao People’s Democratic RepublicLatviaLebanonLesothoLiberiaLibyan Arab JamahiriyaLiechtensteinLithuaniaLuxembourgMacaoMacedonia, The Former Yugoslav Republic ofMadagascarMalawiMalaysiaMaldivesMaliMaltaMartiniqueMauritaniaMauritiusMayotteMexicoMoldova, Republic ofMonacoMongoliaMontenegroMontserratMoroccoMozambiqueMyanmarNamibiaNauruNepalNetherlandsNew CaledoniaNew ZealandNicaraguaNigerNigeriaNiueNorfolk IslandNorwayOmanPakistanPalestinianPanamaPapua New GuineaParaguayPeruPhilippinesPitcairnPolandPortugalQatarReunionRomaniaRussian FederationRWANDASaint Barthélemy Saint Helena, Ascension and Tristan da CunhaSaint Kitts and NevisSaint LuciaSaint Martin (French part)Saint Pierre and MiquelonSaint Vincent and the GrenadinesSamoaSan MarinoSao Tome and PrincipeSaudi ArabiaSenegalSerbiaSeychellesSierra LeoneSingaporeSint Maarten (Dutch part)SlovakiaSloveniaSolomon IslandsSomaliaSouth AfricaSouth Georgia and the South Sandwich IslandsSouth SudanSpainSri LankaSudanSurinameSvalbard and Jan MayenSwazilandSwedenSwitzerlandSyrian Arab RepublicTaiwanTajikistanTanzania, United Republic ofThailandTimor-LesteTogoTokelauTongaTrinidad and TobagoTunisiaTurkeyTurkmenistanTurks and Caicos IslandsTuvaluUgandaUkraineUnited Arab EmiratesUnited KingdomUnited StatesUruguayUzbekistanVanuatuVenezuela, Bolivarian Republic ofVietnamVirgin Islands, BritishWallis and FutunaWestern SaharaYemenZambiaZimbabweI also wish to receive emails from AAAS/Science and Science advertisers, including information on products, services and special offers which may include but are not limited to news, careers information & upcoming events.Required fields are included by an asterisk(*)Some researchers, however, are skeptical that the efforts will make major headway on such a complicated problem.Both the UCLA team, led by neurosurgeon Itzhak Fried, and the UPenn team, led by neuroscientist Michael Kahana, will start out by studying neuronal activity in people with epilepsy, who are often recruited for brain stimulation studies because they were already treated through open-brain surgery. Fried will build on his earlier work in epileptic patients, which has shown that stimulating the entorhinal cortex improves performance on a computer game that requires players to quickly learn and remember where to drop off taxi passengers in a virtual city. Next, he will use data from those studies to build computational models of how the entorhinal cortex and hippocampus work together to convert daily experiences into lasting memories.Kahana also aims to develop a computational model of memory formation, but using a different approach. By searching the brains of epileptic patients for electrical “biomarkers” of memory retrieval and storage, he hopes to build a program that can detect when memory goes awry and instruct a device to help repair it.The U.S. Department of Energy’s Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory in California and the device manufacturer Medtronic will also contribute to the efforts, aiming to build neurostimulators at least 10 times smaller than previous devices. Contractual agreements about rights to the technologies are still under way, according to DARPA officials.If successful, the researchers ultimately hope to conduct the first clinical trials of deep brain stimulation in people with traumatic brain injury. That’s a “very achievable and realizable” goal because the teams are building on solid existing research in people and animals, says James Giordano, a neuroscientist at Georgetown University in Washington, D.C., who serves as a neuroethics adviser to DARPA’s BRAIN-related efforts.The viability of the DARPA effort will depend greatly on what kind of memory loss people with traumatic brain injury actually have, says Roger Redondo, a neuroscientist at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology in Cambridge. Memory loss can result from problems with either storage or retrieval, he notes. In the case of a storage problem, the connections that form a memory were either never formed to begin with, or were destroyed, he says. In such cases, “no implantable device is going to help.”On the other hand, if a traumatic injury produces a retrieval problem, in which most of a memory is there, but simply difficult to access, stimulation could potentially be useful, he says. “It is going to be extremely hard,” however, to determine which cells contain the memory and precisely tune electrical stimulation to drive its retrieval, he says. “The complexity of the brain, and the hippocampus, is such that any change in voltage that a microelectrode or chip can apply, even in a tiny area, will affect multitudes of neurons in uncontrolled ways,” he says.Relying too heavily on epilepsy as a model for traumatic brain injury could also be problematic, says neuropsychologist James Sumowski of the Kessler Foundation in West Orange, New Jersey. Although some people with such injuries go on to develop epilepsy, most don’t show the same patterns of abnormal electrical activity or areas of atrophy that epileptic patients do, he says. “They are very different disorders.”On the bright side, such challenges define the kind of “blue-sky, high-risk” project that DARPA is uniquely positioned to take on, Redondo says. Given the 270,000 veterans of the Iraq and Afghanistan wars who have been diagnosed with traumatic brain injury, nothing less than a major scientific leap is required, says Justin Sanchez, program manager for DARPA’s memory restoration program. As things stand, the options for injured service members “are very few.”*Correction, 11 July, 12:10 p.m.: A previous version of this story attributed the final quote by Justin Sanchez to Geoffrey Ling. The story has been corrected.last_img read more

London Olympics: Vincent Hancock retains skeet gold

first_imgDefending champion and world record holder Vincent Hancock put on a shooting masterclass to retain the Olympic gold in the men’s skeet on Tuesday. The American waltzed through the course downing all 25 targets to score 148, and the Olympic record for a final.Anders Golding of Denmark pushed Hancock close, missing just once for a total of 146 for silver, while Nasser Al-Attiya of Qatar defeated Russia’s Valery Shomin in a bronze shootout after they were tied on 144.last_img